The French Revolution and the Catholic Church Gemma Betros examines the problems the Revolution posed for religion, and that religion posed for the Revolution. The French Catholic Church, known as the Gallican Church, recognised the authority of the pope as head of the Roman Catholic Church but had negotiated certain liberties that privileged the authority of the French monarch, giving it a distinct national identity characterised by considerable autonomy.
Memorial Church finished and consecrated in Speyer commemorates the Protestation. The Protesting Speyer, part of the Luther Monument in Worms Protestant[ edit ] Six princes of the Holy Roman Empire and rulers of fourteen Imperial Free Citieswho issued a protest or dissent against the edict of the Diet of Speyerwere the first individuals to be called Protestants.
The term protestant, though initially purely political in nature, later acquired a broader sense, referring to a member of any Western church which subscribed to the main Protestant principles. Protestantism as a general term is now used in contradistinction to the other major Christian traditions, i.
Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy. During the Reformation, the term protestant was hardly used outside of German politics.
People who were involved in the religious movement used the word evangelical German: For further details, see the section below. Gradually, protestant became a general term, meaning any adherent of the Reformation in the German-speaking area.
It was ultimately somewhat taken up by Lutheranseven though Martin Luther himself insisted on Christian or evangelical as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.
French and Swiss Protestants instead preferred the word reformed French: Evangelical[ edit ] Direction signs showing ways to two different Protestant churches in the German city of Wiesbaden. The word evangelical German: Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.
Above all the term is used by Protestant bodies in the German-speaking areasuch as the Evangelical Church in Germany. The German word evangelisch means Protestant, and is different from the German evangelikal, which refers to churches shaped by Evangelicalism.
The English word evangelical usually refers to evangelical Protestant churches, and therefore to a certain part of Protestantism rather than to Protestantism as a whole.
The English word traces its roots back to the Puritans in England, where Evangelicalism originated, and then was brought to the United States. Martin Luther always disliked the term Lutheran, preferring the term evangelical, which was derived from euangelion, a Greek word meaning "good news", i. To distinguish the two evangelical groups, others began to refer to the two groups as Evangelical Lutheran and Evangelical Reformed.
Nowadays, the word also pertains in the same way to some other mainline groups, for example Evangelical Methodist.
As time passed by, the word evangelical was dropped. Lutherans themselves began to use the term Lutheran in the middle of the 16th century, in order to distinguish themselves from other groups such as the Philippists and Calvinists.A Protestant View of Church History: The Early Church by Ronald N.
Cooke Editor’s note: Dr. Ronald N. Cooke has written a series of Tracts (four so far) on the topic of A Protestant View of Church History. October marked the th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation, when, as the story goes, Martin Luther nailed a list of his grievances with the Catholic Church (commonly called "The 95 Theses") to the door of All Saints’ Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
The Catholic Church has never in over two thousand years split. Some of it’s members left it but the Catholic Church is the only Church that can claim the four carisms of the true Church in that it is One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic. That being. The Reformation gave rise to all forms of Protestant Christianity outside the established Church — or what we now call the Roman Catholic Church — including Lutheran, Baptist, Presbyterian, Methodist, United Church of Christ, Reformed, all forms of evangelical fundamentalism, and Mormonism.
-during the Renaissance, the Catholic Church entered troubled times -Christians were fed up with the church corruption -led to reform in the 's (Protestant Reformation).
The Catholic Church’s insistence on unity in governance is itself a source of disagreement, as it cuts against the grain of much Protestant ecclesiology.
Catholicism sees unity as manifest in the teaching and governing authority of the local bishop, who is himself in union with the bishop of Rome.