The Brundtland Commission defined sustainable development as meeting the needs of the present generation without putting at risk the capacity of generations to come in meeting their own requirements.
Promote gender equality and empower women Target by Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education. While most of the Millennium Development Goals face a deadline ofthe gender parity target was set to be achieved a full ten years earlier - an acknowledgement that equal access to education is the foundation for all other development goals.
Yet recent statistics show that for every boys out of school, there are still girls in the same situation. Until equal numbers of girls and boys are in school, it will be impossible to build the knowledge necessary to eradicate poverty and hunger, combat disease and ensure environmental sustainability.
And millions of children and women will continue to die needlessly, placing the rest of the development agenda at risk. Eliminate gender disparity at all levels of education by and empower women. Advancing the rights of women and children advances humanity.
Many children in developing countries start life without adequate means of nutrition, learning, and protection. Women and girls are particularly challenged. Some 67 countries have primary school attendance and enrolment rates for girls less than 85 per cent.
Globally, there are just 96 girls for every boys in primary school, with disparities at the secondary level even more acute. Yet uneducated girls are more at risk than boys to become marginalized. They are more vulnerable to exploitation. As unschooled adults, these girls will be less likely to have a say socially and politically and to be able to support themselves.
These problems affect their children: These women will also be less likely to immunize their children and know how to help them survive. Practices such as early marriage or poor health services result in high rates of maternal mortality.
Somewomen died giving birth last year, 99 per cent of them in developing countries. For each birth-related death, 30 other women were injured or disabled. The world has recognized the importance of gender equality. The Convention on the Rights of the Child CRCthe most widely ratified human rights treaty in history, sets forth provisions that include civil rights and freedoms, family environment, basic health and welfare, education, leisure and cultural activities and special protection measures for all children.
Realizing the rights and equality of women is also the key to the survival and development of children and to building healthy families, communities and nations.
Getting girls into quality school environments helping them stay there. Some million children are not in school, most of them girls. If a family can afford school fees for only one child, it will likely be a boy who attends.
If someone needs to fetch water or do housework instead of going to school, a girl will likely be chosen. If someone needs to stay home to care for younger siblings or sick or infirm household members, this will most likely be a girl: Yet study after study shows that educating girls is the single most effective policy to raise overall economic productivity, lower infant and maternal mortality, educate the next generation, improve nutrition and promote health.
Educated mothers immunize their children 50 per cent more often than mothers who are not educated, and their children have a 40 per cent higher survival rate.
Moreover, mothers who have had some education are more than twice as likely to send their own children to school as are mothers with no education.
Getting girls into school and ensuring that they learn and thrive in quality, child-friendly learning environments are key UNICEF priorities, fulfilling Millennium Goal 2 of universal primary education as well as this Goal.
In some countries in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV prevalence among teenage girls is five times higher than among teenage boys. At policy levels, these include drives to influence social norms regarding sexual behaviour as it relates to the stopping the epidemic, and introducing supportive legislation and policies.
Other risk prevention activities include widening access to youth-friendly, gender-sensitive health services that provide voluntary, confidential HIV testing and counselling and provide condoms and treatment for sexually transmitted infections.
If a girl is educated six years or more, as an adult her prenatal care, postnatal care and childbirth survival rates will dramatically and consistently improve. The single biggest factor in a healthy birth, however, is the presence of skilled assistance, particularly in emergency obstetrics.
UNICEF helps key partners work with governments and policy makers to ensure that emergency obstetric care is a priority in national health plans, and assist governments with training and logistics. Maternal care is also an important goal in community health. Along with vaccination campaigns for children, UNICEF procures and distributes tetanus vaccines, micronutrient supplements and insecticide-treated bed nets to fight malaria for expectant women.
Giving girls a good start in early childhood. Skills such as language acquisition, social competence, coping, the ability to think critically and the capacity to learn, all develop in the first years of life.National Commission for Human Resources in Health (NCHRH) This Commission will replace four existing (statutory) bodies for healthcare professionals viz.
After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go. Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address. An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense intuitive linear view.
So we won't experience years of progress in the 21st century -- it will be more like 20, years of progress (at today's rate). The returns, such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially.
Any African-American, Hispanic American, or Native American U.S. citizen or permanent resident who is majoring or planning to major in physics, and who is a high school senior, college freshman, or sophomore is eligible to apply for the scholarship.
Development of Literacy in Panama - As one of societies most powerful human tools, culture is a complex structure of shared goals and attitudes within a group of individuals. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from caninariojana.com