Public Key 1 Endnotes [E: In the original printed edition, there were both unnumbered footnotes and numbered endnotes. In this digital edition, all notes have been converted to endnotes and re-numbered.
The exact date of his birth is unknown, although it is generally believed to be around This can be I like to 1321 from autobiographic allusions in the Divine Comedy. Its first section, the Infernobegins, "Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita" "Midway upon the journey of our life"implying that Dante was around 35 years old, since the average lifespan according to the Bible Psalm Some verses of the Paradiso section of the Divine Comedy also provide I like to 1321 possible clue that he was born under the sign of Gemini: Inthe sun was in Gemini between approximately May 11 and June 11 Julian calendar.
He was clad always in most seemly attire, such as befitted his ripe years. His face was long, his nose aquiline, and his eyes big rather than small. His jaws were large, and his lower lip protruded.
He had a brown complexion, his hair and beard were thick, black, and curly, and his countenance was always melancholy and thoughtful. This suggests that Alighiero or his family may have enjoyed some protective prestige and status, although some suggest that the politically inactive Alighiero was of such low standing that he was not considered worth exiling.
When Dante was 12, he was promised in marriage to Gemma di Manetto Donati, daughter of Manetto Donati, member of the powerful Donati family.
But by this time Dante had fallen in love with another, Beatrice Portinari known also as Bicewhom he first met when he was only nine. Years after his marriage to Gemma he claims to have met Beatrice again; he wrote several sonnets to Beatrice but never mentioned Gemma in any of his poems.
The exact date of his marriage is not known: In the following years, his name is occasionally recorded as speaking or voting in the various councils of the republic. Gemma bore Dante several children.
Although several others subsequently claimed to be his offspring, it is likely that only JacopoPietro, Giovanni, and Antonia were his actual children. Antonia later became a nun, taking the name Sister Beatrice.
Education and poetry[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It is known that he studied Tuscan poetry and that he admired the compositions of the Bolognese poet Guido Guinizelli —whom in Purgatorio XXVI he characterized as his "father"—at a time when the Sicilian school Scuola poetica Sicilianaa cultural group from Sicilywas becoming known in Tuscany.
It was in the name of this love that Dante left his imprint on the dolce stil novo sweet new style, a term which Dante himself coinedand he would join other contemporary poets and writers in exploring never-before-emphasized aspects of love Amore.
Love for Beatrice as Petrarch would show for Laura somewhat differently would be his reason for poetry and for living, together with political passions. In many of his poems, she is depicted as semi-divine, watching over him constantly and providing spiritual instruction, sometimes harshly.
When Beatrice died inDante sought refuge in Latin literature. He then dedicated himself to philosophical studies at religious schools like the Dominican one in Santa Maria Novella.
He took part in the disputes that the two principal mendicant orders Franciscan and Dominican publicly or indirectly held in Florence, the former explaining the doctrines of the mystics and of St. Bonaventurethe latter expounding on the theories of St. Nor speaking less on that account I go With Ser Brunetto, and I ask who are his most known and most eminent companions.
Other studies are reported, or deduced from Vita Nuova or the Comedy, regarding painting and music. December Further information: Guelphs and Ghibellines Dante, like most Florentines of his day, was embroiled in the Guelph—Ghibelline conflict.
To further his political career, he became a pharmacist. As a politician, he accomplished little but held various offices over some years in a city rife with political unrest.
Although the split was along family lines at first, ideological differences arose based on opposing views of the papal role in Florentine affairs, with the Blacks supporting the Pope and the Whites wanting more freedom from Rome.
The Whites took power first and expelled the Blacks. Dante was one of the delegates. Exile and death[ edit ] Pope Boniface quickly dismissed the other delegates and asked Dante alone to remain in Rome.When our year old Ademco Vista security system showed the “OC” code and all suggested fixes failed, we were stumped.
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