An overview of the philosophy of niccolo machiavelli a controversial humanist

They are distinguished from his other works by the fact that in the dedicatory letter to each he says that it contains everything he knows. The two works differ also in substance and manner.

An overview of the philosophy of niccolo machiavelli a controversial humanist

In the first decade of the 16thcentury, he carried out several diplomatic missions -- most notably to the Papacy in Rome, in the Italian states. Inhe witnessed the brutal reality of the state-building methods of Cesare Borgia and his father, Pope Alexander VI, who were then engaged in the process of trying to bring a large part of central Italy under their possession.

Other excursions to the court of Louis XII and the Spanish court influenced his writings, which appear in The Prince and several other non-fiction works.

InMachiavelli married Marietta Corsini, who bore him four sons and two daughters. His grandson, Giovanni Ricci, is credited with saving many of Machiavelli's letters and writings. Between andMachiavelli was responsible for the Florentine militia.

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He distrusted mercenaries and instead staffed his army with citizens, a policy which proved to be successful many times over. Under his command, Florentine citizen-soldiers defeated Pisa in That being said, Machiavelli's success did not last. In Augustthe Medici, helped by Pope Julius II, used Spanish troops to defeat the Florentines at Prato; although, many historians argued that this was due to Piero Soderini's unwillingness to compromise with the Medici who were holding Prato under siege.

In the wake of the siege, Piero Soderini resigned as Florentine head of state and left. Hence, the Florentine city-state and republic was dissolved. Machiavelli was deprived of his office in by the Medici. Inthe Medici accused him of conspiracy against the Medici family and had him imprisoned.

Despite having been subjected to torture with rope -- where the prisoner is hanged from his bound wrists, from the back, forcing the arms to bear the body's weight, thus dislocating the shoulders -- he denied involvement, and was released after three weeks.

Machiavelli then retired to his estate at Sant'Andrea in Percussina near San Casciano in Val di Pesa and devoted himself to studying and writing the political treatises that earned him a place in the development of political philosophy and political conduct.

His forced retirement led him to other literary activities. He wrote verse, plays, and short prose, penned The Art of War published inand produced biographical and historical sketches. Most importantly, he composed his other major contribution to political thought -- Discourses on the Ten Books of Titus Livy -- an exposition of the principles of republican rule masquerading as a commentary on the work of the famous historian of the Roman Republic.

An overview of the philosophy of niccolo machiavelli a controversial humanist

Close to the end of his life, and probably as a result of the aid of well-connected friends, whom he never stopped badgering for intervention, Machiavelli began to return to favor with the Medici family.

Inhe was commissioned by Cardinal Giulio deMedici to compose the History of Florence, an assignment completed in and presented to the Cardinal, who had since ascended to the papal throne as Clement VII, in Rome.

He died in the city on June 21, His tomb is in the church of Santa Croce in Florence, from which, ironically, he had been banned from entering during the last years of his life. Today, Machiavelli is regarded as the father of modern political theory.

Writings Though it was a dark period in his life, Machiavelli's time away from politics gave him the opportunity to read Roman history and write political treatises, most notably The Prince.

The book contains several maxims concerning politics, but instead of the more traditional subject of a hereditary prince, it concentrates on the possibility of a new prince. To retain power, the hereditary prince must carefully maintain the socio-political institutions to which the people are accustomed, whereas a new prince has a more difficult task of ruling.

He must first stabilize his new found power in order to build an enduring political structure. The work has been regarded as a handbook for politicians on the use of ruthless, self-serving cunningness -- which inspired the term "Machiavellian".

While many believe that the book's title character -- the prince -- was based on the infamous Cesare Borgia, some scholars consider it a satire. One excerpt from the book reads: Meanwhile, Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livy, often referred to as Discourses or Discorsi, is nominally a discussion regarding the classical history of early Ancient Rome, though it strays far from this subject matter and also uses contemporary political examples to illustrate points.

Machiavelli presents it as a series of lessons on how a republic should be started and structured.addressed in Machiavelli’s The Prince. Niccolo Machiavelli was born on May 3, and grew up in Florence, which was a humanist city-state right in the center of the Renaissance.

Moreover, in Machiavelli's critique of “grand” philosophical schemes, we find a challenge to the enterprise of philosophy that commands attention and demands consideration and response. Thus, Machiavelli deserves a place at the table in any comprehensive survey of philosophy.

Free protestant reformation papers, essays, and research papers. Focuses on Machiavelli’s ambivalent relationship with the “neo-classical form of humanist political thought” (p. ix). Originally published in as part of the Past Masters series. Strauss, Leo.

An overview of the philosophy of niccolo machiavelli a controversial humanist

“Niccolò Machiavelli.” In History of Political Philosophy. 3d ed. Edited by Leo Strauss and Joseph Cropsey, – Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Leonardo da Vinci Portrait by Francesco Melzi Born Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci 15 April Vinci, Republic of Florence Died 2 May () (aged 67) Amboise, Kingdom of France Nationality Italian Known for Art, science Works Mona Lisa The Last Supper Salvator Mundi The Vitruvian Man Lady with an Ermine Movement High Renaissance Signature Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinciˈvintʃi.

Niccolò Machiavelli: Niccolo Machiavelli, the thought of the Italian political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli may be seen a complete secularization of political philosophy. Machiavelli was an experienced diplomat and administrator, and, since he stated flatly how the power struggle was conducted in Renaissance Italy, he won a shocking.

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