See Article History Alternative Titles: Extending some miles 1, km north-south and miles 1, km east-west, Bolivia is bordered to the north and east by Brazilto the southeast by Paraguayto the south by Argentinato the southwest and west by Chileand to the northwest by Peru. The country has been landlocked since it lost its Pacific coast territory to Chile in the War of the Pacific —84but agreements with neighbouring countries have granted it indirect access to the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
See Article History Alternative Titles: A long, narrow country, it has an average width of only about miles, with a maximum of miles at the latitude of Antofagasta and a minimum of 9. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Boliviaon its long eastern border by Argentinaand on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
Chile also claims a mile offshore limit. The capital is Santiago. Chile is also a land of extreme natural events: Fierce winter storms and flash floods alternate with severe summer droughts. Much of northern Chile is desert; the central part of the country is a temperate region where the bulk of the population lives and where the larger cities, including Santiago, are located.
South-central Chile, with a lake and forest region, is temperate, humid, and suitable for grain cultivation; and the southernmost third of the country, cut by deep fjords, is an inhospitable region—cold, wet, windy, and limited in resources.
The economy of Chile is based on primary economic activities: Chile exhibits many of the traits that typically characterize Latin American countries.
It was colonized by Spainand the culture that evolved was largely Spanish; the influence of the original Indian inhabitants is negligible. The people became largely mestizo, a blend of Spanish and Indian bloodlines. The society developed with a small elite controlling most of the land, the wealth, and the political life.
Chile did not, however, depend as heavily on agriculture and mining as did many Latin American countries, but rather developed an economy based on manufacturing as well.
Thus, Chile has become one of the more urbanized Latin American societies, with a burgeoning middle class. Chile has also had a history of retaining representative democratic government. Except for a military junta that held power from September to Marchthe country has been relatively free of the coups and constitutional suspensions common to many of its neighbours.
Land Relief The major landforms of Chile are arranged as three parallel north—south units: These landforms extend lengthwise through the five latitudinal geographic regions into which the country is customarily subdivided. The Chilean Andes Extending almost the length of the country, the Chilean Andes, which form most of the border with Argentina, include the highest segment of the Andes mountain chain, which acts as both a physical and a human divide.
The Chilean Andean system consists of lofty, often snow-capped mountains, deeply incised valleys, and steep slopes.
The formation of the western Andes ranges began during the Jurassic Periodsome million years ago. Marine and terrestrial sediments that had accumulated in the Andean geosyncline were folded and lifted as the Pacific Plate was overridden by the South American Plate.Location, Geography Climate For anyone who has ever been fascinated by geography, the long, impossibly thin line of Chile has always produced a tiny moment of astonishment.
Chile stretches over 4, km (2, mi) along the southwestern coast of South America, a distance roughly the same as that from San Francisco to New York, . The Geography of Wine: How Landscapes, Cultures, Terroir, and the Weather Make a Good Drop [Brian J.
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The country has a rich history. It was once the centre of the ancient Tiwanaku (Tiahuanaco) empire, and from the 15th to the early 16th century it was a part of the Inca empire. After the arrival of the conquistadores, Bolivia was subsumed within the Viceroyalty of Peru, and it provided Spain with immense wealth in silver..
Land. The Alps march across this image of Autumnal (early October) southern Europe. On either side of and above the Alps are the countries of (from left to right) France, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, and Slovenia, while below the Alps is Italy.
the history of science and the history of the scientific disciplines. goals and branching of a research program in the history of geography (*) horacio capel. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. It extends approximately 2, miles (4, km) from its boundary with Peru, at latitude 17°30′ S, to the tip of South America at Cape Horn, latitude .